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Ebola virus: causes, symptoms, pandemic, laboratory diagnosis, transmission, precautions, and treatment

 

Ebola virus

Natural disasters and diseases come without distinguishing between rich and poor people and rulers and anyone can catch them. We have suffered from epidemics of AIDS, Congo, polio, and dengue. The Ebola virus has infected thousands of people in African countries

What is the Ebola virus?

Ebola is a virus that attacks the bloodstream in the human body. Scientists have named Ebola  hemorrhagic fever. As a result of the virus being infected, Ebola can cause bleeding from any or all parts of a person's body.

Ebola pandemic in Africa

The disease first appeared in Africa in 1976 and Ebola was the name of a river located in the African state of Congo. As of 2013, only 1,716 cases had been reported, but in 2014 it was a pandemic in West Africa, with Guyana, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria the worst affected.

Symptoms

Symptoms of the disease include 

  • fever
  • sore throat 
  • headache
  • vomiting
  • joint and muscle pain
  • abdominal pain
  • diarrhea
  • itching
  • loss of appetite
  • Liver and kidney function is also affected.
Laboratory tests to diagnose Ebola virus

Symptoms similar to malaria, typhoid fever, rheumatic fever, dengue fever can be a bit difficult to identify, but the following tests should be done.

1۔Antibody-Capture(ELISA)
2۔Antigen-Capture Detection Tests
3۔Serum Neutralization Test
4۔(RT-PCR)
5۔Electron Microscopy
6۔virus Isolation by Cell Culture.

Transmission of Ebola virus

Ebola can be transmitted from one person to another in four ways
1. Close contact with the Ebola patient increases the risk of contracting it.
2. It is also transmitted from one person to another through saliva, blood, breast milk, urine, sweat, feces, etc. it can also be transmitted by sexual relations.
3. Using an Ebola patient's syringe on a healthy person can also make him or her a victim of Ebola.
4. Eating or living too much of Ebola-infected animals.

Precautions

Medical experts say people from the affected areas can spread the virus here as well. The necessary steps are very important to prevent this disease.

  • Wash your hands with soap and wipe with a clean cloth.
  • Limit yourself to home-cooked foods. Also, try to avoid market products as much as possible. Spray disinfectant on the sofas and under the beds in the corners of the house.
  • Keep room windows open. Provide adequate sunlight in rooms. Because the Ebola virus cannot survive in the presence of disinfectants, heat, direct sunlight, soaps, and detergents.
  • Live rats in the house and if any animal in the house has died, move it out of the house immediately as the carcasses of dead animals can also spread the disease.
Treatment

Homeopathy is a system with a holistic approach that takes the whole patient. A survey report by Dr. Richard Wharton and Dr. George Lewth, published in the June 7, 1986 issue of the British Medical Journal, a non-partisan British weekly medical journal, offers views on the homeopathy of various British Allopathic doctors. 42% of doctors refer their critically ill patients to homeopathic doctors instead of allopathy specialists

The WHO has named homeopathy as the second major treatment for "disease prevention". Homeopathic medicines include Crotalus horridus, Bothrops, Lachesis, Mercurius, and Other medications can also be given depending on the patient's symptoms. Homeopathy is a science that has a cure for the most complex diseases that other therapists call incurable.

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