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Infectious Diseases

 INFECTIOUS DISEASES


INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Definition:

Diseases that are passed from one person to another are called infectious diseases.

Now we will discuss the history of some infectious diseases and their treatment.

History of the Plague

The plague of the fourteenth century was the most terrible in human history.  The epidemic began in China and reached Sicily, Italy in 1347, engulfing the whole of Europe and destroying settlements.  An estimated 75 million to 200 million people died as a result of the epidemic.  About 30% of Europe was severely affected.

Effects of fourteenth-century plague

  By 1400 the plague had halved the population of England, and for the next one and a half centuries, Europe could not reach the level of its population that it had before the plague.

  Doctors at the time believed that the disease was caused by the stench of unmarked corpses or similar environmental contaminants, while the general public thought it was a tormentor or the result of earthquakes.

 

  Many Christians accused the Jews of poisoning the water, which caused the epidemic, and as evidence that the number of Jews dying from the plague was very small.


  As a result of this accusation, the Jewish settlements were destroyed and they were killed.  At the time, no one was under the illusion that the disease could be linked to bacteria found in fleas.

  This terrible epidemic had a far-reaching effect on Europe, with large numbers of peasants working on the feudal lands dying of it, failing to cultivate the land, increasing the wages of the peasants and the feudalism suffered a severe blow.

  Frustration and despair prevailed in the fine arts, the meaninglessness of life began to be expressed in painting and the common people became uncertain about life.

  Between 2010 and 2015, there were only 3248 cases of the plague from all over the world, in which 1584 deaths occurred. Today, the plague is a treatable disease due to antibiotics. 

History of smallpox

 Smallpox is a disease that is three thousand years old, great kings died of this disease.

  By the eighteenth century, one in ten children born in Sweden and France and one in seven in Russia died of smallpox.  In Europe alone, 60 million people died of smallpox in this century.  Until the 1950s, 50 million people were infected with smallpox each year, but by 1967 that number had dropped to 15 million.  The last case of smallpox was discovered in Somalia in 1977, and as a result of the tireless efforts of scientists until 1980, the world was declared free of smallpox.


  The disease that has plagued humanity for centuries has finally been defeated by medical science.  There is a long list of diseases and epidemics that man has been fighting for centuries.  Many of these diseases have been defeated by medical science and some vaccines have been invented, which can be used to protect against diseases such as polio.

  Diseases such as whooping cough, diphtheria, tuberculosis, and typhoid, which used to be deadly to humans, are now almost helpless in the face of antibiotics and vaccines.

The greatest discovery of medical Sciences 

  The greatest discovery of medical science in the twentieth century is "antibiotics".  It all started with the invention of penicillin.  Earlier, people used to rub their heels in the hospital suffering from various infectious diseases.

Invention of penicillin

  To the best of man's knowledge, bacteria and fungi combine to form antibiotics, which can kill disease-causing bacteria, but Sir Alexander Fleming is credited with making the first antibiotic in the true sense of the word.  Goes to the head of those who did a great favor to humanity by discovering penicillin.

  In World War II, antibiotics saved millions of lives.

  There is no doubt that epidemics and diseases still exist, for which no cure has yet been discovered, such as HIV and the latest coronavirus, but we also have the fact that many epidemics, such as  The risk of swine flu, Ebola, Zika virus or SARS is not as high as it was a few years ago.  People with HIV or cancer who used to face certain deaths thirty or forty years ago can now afford expensive treatment to survive and complete treatment for many types of cancer.  Yes, many patients are recovering well.


  I'm not a doctor, but I'm interested in medical science.  I am a "fan" of antibiotics, but there is also the fear that overeating may cause the body to develop resistance to antibiotics, which in medical parlance is called RESISTANCE TO ANTIBIOTICS. some diseases are viral and some are bacterial.  Because viral diseases are spread by viruses, antibiotics, such as the coronavirus, do not work in them, but antibiotics for bacterial diseases are targeted.


  The good news is that a few years ago, scientists developed an antibiotic called TEIXOBACTIN, which is said to be able to kill not only all kinds of bacteria. eating it will not create resistance in the body.  Scientists invent vaccines for viral diseases, such as polio, measles, flu, and hepatitis, which we must administer.

Covid-19

  According to the limited research that has been done on the coronavirus so far, chloroquine is an effective medicine for malaria.  It is also effective in treating pneumonia caused by a coronavirus.  Keep in mind that deaths are not caused by a virus, but in most cases by pneumonia.  So keep in mind, it will also become a vaccine for the coronavirus.  We should pray to Allah and also take medicine from the doctor.

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