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Take care of your kidneys

 Take care of your kidneys


The kidney is an essential component of the human body.  It helps to keep the blood clean and chemically balances the blood.  As it balances the blood, the kidneys excrete 200 liters of blood and 2 ml of waste products and excess water from the body. This dirty water and blood is excreted from the human body in the form of urine.

 Impurities in the blood come from old and lost cells and it is very important to get them out of the blood.

 If the kidneys do not remove these components from the body in time, they will stay in the body and form a layer and the internal immune system will be damaged. This can easily lead to many diseases.


 Every year millions of people in the world die of various kidney diseases. According to the statistics of the Health Department, more than 20 million people in Pakistan suffer from various kidney diseases . While the number of such patients is increasing by fifteen to twenty percent annually

 According to medical experts, the cause of kidney disease is high blood pressure, diabetes, stress and drinking less water. To avoid kidney disease, it is necessary to avoid excessive use of water, smoking and obesity.

 Let us first see what a kidney is and how it works in our body.

 The two elliptical glands in our body are like the seeds of beans and are located on the lower right and left side of the spine in the lower back.

 These glands, called kidneys, are considered to be the most important organs in our body. The left kidney is slightly higher than the right kidney. An average of seven and a half liters of blood passes through each kidney in an hour.  The kidneys are made up of about 2.4 million micron-structured nephrons.  A nephron is structurally a complete kidney.

 This filter plant in your body continues to perform its functions round the clock.

 As the industrial system spread with its omnipresence, pollution began to bury their claws on the ground. Contaminated water from factories and various chemicals began to be dumped into seas and rivers, and the fact that this process was forgotten was forgotten.  As a result, drinking water will become poisonous.

 Now the pollution has increased to such an extent that it has become very difficult to control.

 It is this pollution that is forcing so many people with kidney disease to live miserable lives.

 Pakistan is one of the countries where kidney disease has risen to alarming levels. Every year thousands of people die of kidney disease alone.

 Leading Pakistani surgeons Dr. Adib Al Hassan Rizvi and Dr. Anwar Naqvi are of the opinion that pollution and untreated water are the main cause of kidney diseases. Kidney diseases in Pakistan are as follows:

 1. Kidney stones

 2. Kidney inflammation, infection

 3. Urinary incontinence

 These diseases can affect an individual at any age.

 There are also some congenital diseases such as kidney failure.

 Having both kidneys in one place, feeling obstructed in the urinary tract, urinary tract disorder and excessive bleeding from the body.


 Symptoms of kidney failure include: high blood pressure, lower back pain towards the kidneys, swelling of the face and feet, burning sensation in the urine, frequent urination, nausea or vomiting, feeling tired  Loss of appetite, anemia, persistent fever, shortness of breath, pus in the urine, nervousness and insomnia, diabetes.

 These are the symptoms that are most common in a kidney failure patient.

 Experts say that most people ignore many obvious symptoms of kidney disease. It is a disease that can be deadly. According to medical experts, if the following symptoms appear, you must consult a doctor.  

 The kidneys are responsible for making urine and excrete body wastes through it. If the smell, color, etc. of the urine changes, never avoid it.

 When the kidneys fail to function properly, toxins are not excreted from the body through the urine and remain in the blood. Elevated levels of this substance cause insomnia. Difficulty breathing during sleep ,  May also appear.

 If there is shortness of breath after a little physical activity, there are two reasons for this. One is the accumulation of fluid in the lungs due to inactivity of the kidneys, and the other is the lack of oxygen in the body due to lack of blood.  The result is shortness of breath.

 If you have difficulty breathing even after doing a little work, you should see a doctor immediately as it can be a sign of asthma, lung cancer and heart failure.

 If you have kidney problems, the amount of a hormone called EPO is reduced, which leads to a decrease in red blood cells, which causes sudden fatigue, headaches and physical weakness in the body and brain.

 In this case, the taste of the food feels bad, the smell in the breath is also a sign of accumulation of toxic substances in the blood.  

 Dry and itchy skin is also a sign that the kidneys are not maintaining the right balance of minerals and nutrients.

 If the skin is getting dry and itchy, you should drink as much water as possible and consult a doctor before taking any medicine for itching.

 When the kidneys fail to excrete excess fluid from the body, the accumulation of salts causes swelling of the ankles, legs and hands. Pain in the right side, usually below the ribs, and in the back and legs  May be.

 Back pain can be accompanied by fever, nausea, and difficulty urinating. One of the first signs of a kidney system disorder is swelling around the eyes, indicating that A large amount of protein is being excreted by  kdneys. A doctor should be consulted if the body gets adequate rest and protein and still continues to swell around the eyes.

 Blood circulation and kidneys are interdependent, kidney failure also affects blood pressure. That is why high blood pressure is another major cause of increased risk of kidney failure.

 Treatment :

 If a person has kidney failure, there are three ways to save his life:

 Peritoneal Dialysis, Hemo Dialysis and Kidney Transplant

 Peritoneal dialysis:

 This method of cleansing the kidneys is simple but is used during emergency situation.

 Kidney Diseases Patients with a sudden rise in urea in their blood or a patient's kidneys stop working if there is too much water or bleeding from the body. For example, in case of miscarriage or during child birth, Excessive dehydration and certain medications can also affect kidney function. In all these cases, these methods are used.


 If the kidneys stop working due to an illness, infection or disorder, the amount of toxic waste products in the blood increases which the kidneys normally excrete in the urine.

 In this case, if the disease is not eradicated soon, the patient's life is in danger.

 An alternative mechanical system of blood cleansing is called dialysis. Sometimes it happens that the kidneys suddenly stop working for some time, in which case the blood is cleaned through a dialysis machine so that the kidneys  To be temporarily rested.

 It is possible that they will start working again. If this does not happen, then two treatments to save their lives are dialysis or transplantation.

 Dietary treatment:

 After centuries of research, experts have concluded that the cure for this disease is the use of a proper diet.

 In the correct and principled treatment of kidney disease, food has to be used with special principle.

 During treatment, foods that help reduce the disease are used. Foods that help increase the disease have to be avoided.

 During the nourishment of body cells, many acidic wastes are formed, most of which are excreted from the body through the urine in the form of kidney fluid . If the function of the kidneys slows down, these acidic substances remain inside the body and promote health  Harm. 

 If the kidneys are not working properly, then diet should be taken care of so that the amount of fluid, even if it includes dialysis, remains as required. The foods that contain the following items are as follows:

 1. Protein 2. Calories

 3. Sodium 4. Potassium

 5. Liquid 6. Phosphorus


 Proteins are complex nitrogen compounds that usually consist of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen.

  Proteins are mostly derived from animal meat, hence they are called "proteins". In addition, some plant foods, pulses, etc. also contain proteins. Standard proteins are poultry, eggs, meat, fish, cheese, etc.  Low quality proteins are included in bread, porridge, pulses and vegetables. Excess proteins cause vomiting and nausea.

 Lack of protein weakens the nerves and heals wounds late. It takes more time to recover from the disease. More chances of the disease increase.


 When the oxidation of nutrients takes place in the body, this process results in heat. Thus, the amount of heat produced in the body is measured in CALORIES.


 Salts are also part of the diet.

 One of them is sodium. Soy sauce, soup, huntrif have high amount of sodium. Excessive amount of sodium makes you feel very thirsty. You should not use too much salt as it raises blood pressure.  The amount of fluid in the body increases. Sodium should be used in the diet as needed.

 Eating too much salt increases the risk of heart disease.

 Milk and dairy products and red meat and fish are high in sodium.


 Potassium is the most essential  component of the diet. Excessive use of potassium in patients with renal failure usually leads to an increase in potassium in the blood.Eliminating large amounts of potassium can cause kidney problems

 It can also cause many heart diseases.

 Potassium (a special type of salt) is found in the body of a person with dysfunctional kidneys. It contains all kinds of dried fruits, chocolate and its by-products, fruits and fruit juices, various vegetables such as potatoes, spinach, tomatoes.  Carrots, soybeans, peppers, fennel and other salty foods include chickpeas, chips, salt and many more.

 They are high in potassium. Kidney patients should use less of these substances.

 Potassium is found in vegetables. The way to reduce the amount of potassium in vegetables is to: First, wash the vegetables thoroughly. Let the vegetables soak in the pot for two hours.

 Boil the vegetables well in a pot and then discard the water.

 Re-cook these vegetables and add spices as required. This way the amount of vegetable potassium in the vegetable is significantly reduced.


 Excessive use of water or beverages can cause the following complaints in kidney patients. For example, difficulty in breathing, difficulty in walking, cough in sleep, insomnia, swelling in the lungs, increase in blood pressure,  Feeling down, etc.

 In these cases, heart rate can be affected. To keep your fluid intake, measure your urine volume and use only 2 cups (16 ounces) more water than that amount.

 All items that are in liquid form at normal temperatures, such as ice, ice cream, ice cubes, are considered liquids.

 How to quench thirst:

 1. Follow the instructions on sodium.

 2. You should rinse well with cold water but you should not drink water. It is important to take care of the weather.

 3. Licking lemons produces more saliva and does not dry out the mouth.

 4. Instead of water, you should suck a piece of ice.

 5. A little lemon juice should be added to the ice.

 6. Store 20 grapes in the freezer and eat throughout the day.

 7. Chewing gum reduces thirst.

 8. The intensity of the sun should be avoided so that you feel less thirsty.

 9. Air conditioning staying in the room for a long time dries the throat.

 10. Applying cold water on the face and body will make you feel cool.


 Phosphorus is very important for the development of bones and teeth. Excessive amounts of phosphorus increase the function of the thyroid gland , leading to complaints of hyper parathyroidism, which causes calcium to be excreted from the bones and a lack of calcium stops bone growth.

 Cheese, whole grain bread, beans, baking powder, chocolate, peas, nuts, yogurt, fermented, custard and Drinks should be avoided.

 Due to the presence of phosphorus, caution is required in the diet. If this precaution is not taken, then it is necessary to use medicine which will keep the digestive system healthy. Some foods have high amount of phosphorus. It is better to take only half a cup of milk and more.  Don't use yogurt.

 Too much phosphorus will make the body feel itchy. This process happens more often in night. It is necessary to reduce the amount of phosphorus to avoid these ailments.

 Kidney transplant

 KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION  is the name of a surgical procedure which has given a high status to medical science and surgical procedure. For people suffering from kidney disease, surgery is the last ray of life.  After that the patient leads an almost normal life.

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